Tuesday, March 17, 2020
The Granger Laws and the Granger Movement The Granger laws were a group of laws enacted by the legislature of the Midwestern U.S. states off Minnesota, Iowa, Wisconsin, and Illinois in the late 1860s and early 1870s after the American Civil War. Promoted by the Granger Movement organized by a group of farmers belonging to the National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry, the Granger Laws were intended to regulate rapidly rising transport and storage fees charged by railroads and grain elevator companies. As the source of extreme aggravation to the powerful railroad monopolies, the Granger Laws led to several important U.S. Supreme Court cases, highlighted by Munn v. Illinois and Wabash v. Illinois. The legacy of the Granger Movement remains alive today in the form of the National Grange organization.Ã The Granger movement, the Granger Laws, and the modern Grange stand as evidence of the great importance AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s leaders have historically placed on farming. Ã¢â¬Å"I think our governments will remain virtuous for many centuries; as long as they are chiefly agricultural.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬â Thomas Jefferson Colonial Americans used word Ã¢â¬Å"grangeÃ¢â¬ as they had in England to refer to a farmhouse and its associated outbuildings. The term itself comes from the Latin word for grain, grÃ num. In the British Isles, farmers were often referred to as Ã¢â¬Å"grangers.Ã¢â¬ The Granger Movement: The Grange is Born The Granger movement was a coalition of American farmers mainly in Midwestern and Southern states that worked to increase farming profits in the years following the American Civil War. The Civil War had not been kind to farmers. The few that had managed to buy land and machinery had gone deeply in debt to do so. Railroads, which had become regional monopolies, were privately owned and entirely unregulated. As a result, the railroads were free to charge farmers excessive fares to transport their crops to market. Vanishing income along with the human tragedies of the war among farming families had left much of American agriculture in a dismal state of disarray. In 1866, President Andrew Johnson sent U.S. Department of Agriculture official Oliver Hudson Kelley to assess the postwar condition of agriculture in the South. Shocked by what he found, Kelley in 1867 founded the National Grange of the Order of Patrons of Husbandry; an organization he hoped would unite Southern and Northern farmers in a cooperative effort to modernize farming practices. In 1868, the nationÃ¢â¬â¢s first Grange, Grange No. 1, was founded in Fredonia, New York. While first established mainly for educational and social purposes, the local granges also served as political forums through which farmers protested the constantly increasing prices for transporting and storing their products. The granges succeeded in reducing some of their costs through the construction of cooperative regional crop storage facilities as well as grain elevators, silos, and mills. However, cutting transportation costs would require legislation regulating the massive railroad industry conglomerates; legislation that became known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Granger laws.Ã¢â¬ The Granger Laws Since the U.S. Congress would not enact federal antitrust laws until 1890, the Granger movement had to look to their state legislatures for relief from the pricing practices of the railroad and grain storage companies. In 1871, due largely to an intense lobbying effort organized by local granges, the state of Illinois enacted a law regulating railroads and grain storage companies by setting maximum rates they could charge farmers for their services. The states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Iowa soon passed similar laws. Fearing a loss in profits and power, the railroads and grain storage companies challenged the Granger laws in court. The so-called Ã¢â¬Å"Granger casesÃ¢â¬ eventually reached the U.S. Supreme Court in 1877. The courtÃ¢â¬â¢s decisions in these cases set legal precedents that would forever change U.S. business and industrial practices. Munn v. Illinois In 1877, Munn and Scott, a Chicago-based grain storage company, was found guilty of violating the Illinois Granger law. Munn and Scott appealed the conviction claiming the stateÃ¢â¬â¢s Granger law was an unconstitutional seizure of its property without due process of law in violation of the Fourteenth Amendment. After the Illinois Supreme Court upheld the Granger law, the case of Munn v. Illinois was appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court. In a 7-2 decision written by Chief Justice Morrison Remick Waite, the Supreme Court ruled that businesses serving the public interest, such as those that store or transport food crops, could be regulated by the government. In his opinion, Justice Waite wrote that government regulation of private business is right and proper Ã¢â¬Å"when such regulation becomes necessary for the public good.Ã¢â¬ Through this ruling, the case of Munn v. Illinois set an important precedent that essentially created the foundation for the modern federal regulatory process. Wabash v. Illinois and the Interstate Commerce Act Almost a decade after Munn v. Illinois the Supreme Court would severely limit the rights of the states to control interstate commerce through its ruling in the 1886 case of Wabash, St. Louis Pacific Railway Company v. Illinois. In the so-called Ã¢â¬Å"Wabash Case,Ã¢â¬ the Supreme Court found IllinoisÃ¢â¬â¢ Granger law as it applied to the railroads to be unconstitutional since it sought to control interstate commerce, a power reserved to the federal government by the Tenth Amendment. In response to the Wabash Case, Congress enacted the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887. Under the act, the railroads became the first American industry subject to federal regulations and were required to inform the federal government of their rates. In addition, the act banned the railroads from charging different haul rates based on distance. To enforce the new regulations, the act also created the now-defunct Interstate Commerce Commission, the first independent government agency. WisconsinÃ¢â¬â¢s Ill-Fated Potter Law Of all the Granger laws enacted, WisconsinÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"Potter LawÃ¢â¬ was by far the most radical. While the Granger laws of Illinois, Iowa, and Minnesota assigned the regulation of railroad fares and grain storage prices to independent administrative commissions, WisconsinÃ¢â¬â¢s Potter Law empowered the state legislature itself to set those prices. The law resulted in a state-sanctioned system of price fixing which allowed little if any profits for the railroads. Seeing no profits in doing so, the railroads stopped building new routes or extending existing tracks. The lack of railroad construction sent WisconsinÃ¢â¬â¢s economy into a depression forcing the state legislature to repeal the Potter Law in 1867. The Modern Grange Today the National Grange remains an influential force in American agriculture and a vital element in community life. Now, as in 1867, the Grange advocates for the causes of farmers in areas including global free trade and domestic farm policy. Ã Ã¢â¬Ë According to its mission statement, the Grange works through fellowship, service, and legislation to provide individuals and families with opportunities to develop to their highest potential in order to build stronger communities and states, as well as a stronger nation. Ã Headquartered in Washington, D.C., the Grange is a non-partisan organization that supports only policy and legislation, never political parties or individual candidates. While originally founded to serveÃ farmers and agricultural interests, the modern Grange advocates for a wide variety of issues, and its membership is open to anyone. Ã¢â¬Å"Members come from all over small towns, large cities, farmhouses, and penthouses,Ã¢â¬ states the Grange. With organizations in more than 2,100 communities in 36 states, local Grange Halls continue to serve as vital centers of rural life for many farming communities.
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Definition and Examples of Anaphora in Rhetoric Anaphora is a rhetorical term for the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses. By building toward a climax, anaphora can create a strong emotional effect. Consequently, this figure of speech is often found in polemical writings and passionate oratory, perhaps most famously in Dr. Martin Luther Kings I Have a Dream speech. Classical scholar George A. Kennedy compares anaphora to a series of hammer blows in which the repetition of the word both connects and reinforces the successive thoughts (New Testament Interpretation Through Rhetorical Criticism, 1984).Ã Ã Examples and Observations We learned to diagram sentences with the solemn precision of scientists articulating chemical equations. We learned to read by reading aloud, and we learned to spell by spelling aloud.(Joyce Carol Oates, District School #7: Niagara County, New York. Faith of a Writer: Life, Craft, Art. HarperCollins, 2003)I needed a drink, I needed a lot of life insurance, I needed a vacation, I needed a home in the country. What I had was a coat, a hat, and a gun.(Raymond Chandler, Farewell, My Lovely, 1940)It rained on his lousy tombstone, and it rained on the grass on his stomach. It rained all over the place.(Holden Caulfield in J.D. Salingers The Catcher in the Rye, 1951)Anaphora will repeat an opening phrase or word;Anaphora will pour it into a mould (absurd)!Anaphora will cast each subsequent opening;Anaphora will last until its tiring.(John Hollander, Rhymes Reason: A Guide to English Verse. Yale University Press, 1989)Here comes the shadow not looking where it is going,And the whole night wi ll fall; it is time.Here comes the little wind which the hourDrags with it everywhere like an empty wagon through leaves.Here comes my ignorance shuffling after themAsking them what they are doing.(W.S. Merwin, Sire. The Second Four Books of Poems. Copper Canyon Press, 1993) Sir Walter Raleigh. Good food. Good cheer. Good times.(slogan of the Sir Walter Raleigh Inn Restaurant, Maryland)We saw the bruised children of these fathers clump onto our school bus, we saw the abandoned children huddle in the pews at church, we saw the stunned and battered mothers begging for help at our doors.(Scott Russell Sanders, Under the Influence, 1989)Of all the gin joints in all the towns in all the world, she walks into mine.(Rick Blaine in Casablanca)We shall go on to the end, we shall fight in France, we shall fight on the seas and oceans, we shall fight with growing confidence and growing strength in the air, we shall defend our Island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender.(Winston Churchill, speech to the House of Commons, June 4, 1940)Let both sides explore what problems unite us instead of belaboring those problems which divide us. Let both sides, for the first time, formulate serious and precise proposals for the inspection and control of arms, and bring the absolute power to destroy other nations under the absolute control of all nations.Let both sides seek to invoke the wonders of science instead of its terrors. Together let us explore the stars, conquer the deserts, eradicate disease, tap the ocean depths, and encourage the arts and commerce.Let both sides unite to heed, in all corners of the earth, the command of Isaiah - to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free.(President John Kennedy, Inaugural Address, January 20, 1961) But one hundred years later, the Negro still is not free. One hundred years later, the life of the Negro is still sadly crippled by the manacles of segregation and the chains of discrimination. One hundred years later, the Negro lives on a lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity. One hundred years later, the Negro is still languishing in the corners of American society and finds himself an exile in his own land. And so weve come here today to dramatize a shameful condition.(Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., I Have a Dream, 1963)Its the hope of slaves sitting around a fire singing freedom songs; the hope of immigrants setting out for distant shores; the hope of a young naval lieutenant bravely patrolling the Mekong Delta; the hope of a millworkers son who dares to defy the odds; the hope of a skinny kid with a funny name who believes that America has a place for him, too.(Barack Obama, The Audacity of Hope, July 27, 2004)In school, I am a luckless goose girl, friendless and forlorn. In P.S. 71 I carry, weighty as a cloak, the ineradicable knowledge of my scandal - I am cross-eyed, dumb, an imbecile in arithmetic; in P.S. 71 I am publicly shamed in Assembly because I am caught not singing Christmas carols; in P.S. 71 I am repeatedly accused of deicide. But in the Park View Pharmacy, in the winter dusk, branches blackening in the park across the road, I am driving in rapture through the Violet Fairy Book and the Yellow Fairy Book, insubstantial chariots snatched from the box in the mud.(Cynthia Ozick, A Drugstore in Winter. Art and Ardor, 1983) Whatever failures I have known, whatever errors I have committed, whatever follies I have witnessed in public and private life, have been the consequences of action without thought.(attributed to Bernard Baruch)Brylcreem, a little dabll do ya,Brylcreem, youll look so debonair!Brylcreem, the galsll all pursue ya!Theyll love to get their fingers in your hair.(Advertising jingle, 1950s)I want her to live. I want her to breathe. I want her to aerobicize.(Weird Science, 1985)Im not afraid to die. Im not afraid to live. Im not afraid to fail. Im not afraid to succeed. Im not afraid to fall in love. Im not afraid to be alone. Im just afraid I might have to stop talking about myself for five minutes.(Kinky Friedman, When the Cats Away, 1988)In Gods name, you people are the real thing. We are the illusion!So turn off your television sets. Turn them off now! Turn them off right now! Turn them off and leave them off. Turn them off right in the middle of this sentence Im speaking to you now.Turn them off!(Peter Finch as television anchorman Howard Beale in Network, 1976) Anaphora in Dr. Kings Letter From a Birmingham Jail But when you have seen vicious mobs lynch your mothers and fathers at will and drown your sisters and brothers at whim; when you have seen hate-filled policemen curse, kick, brutalize and even kill your black brothers and sisters with impunity; when you see the vast majority of your twenty million Negro brothers smothering in an airtight cage of poverty in the midst of an affluent society; when you suddenly find your tongue twisted and your speech stammering as you seek to explain to your six-year-old daughter why she cant go to the public amusement park that has just been advertised on television, and see tears welling up in her little eyes when she is told that Funtown is closed to colored children, and see the depressing cloud of inferiority begin to form in her little mental sky, and see her begin to distort her little personality by unconsciously developing a bitterness toward white people; when you have to concoct an answer for a five-year-old son asking in agonizing pathos: Da ddy, why do white people treat colored people so mean?; when you take a cross-country drive and find it necessary to sleep night after night in the uncomfortable corners of your automobile because no motel will accept you; when you are humiliated day in and day out by nagging signs reading white and colored; when your first name becomes nigger and your middle name becomes boy (however old you are) and your last name becomes John, and when your wife and mother are never given the respected title Mrs.; when you are harried by day and haunted by night by the fact that you are a Negro, living constantly at tiptoe stance never quite knowing what to expect next, and plagued with inner fears and outer resentments; when you are forever fighting a degenerating sense of nobodiness; then you will understand why we find it difficult to wait.(Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Letter From a Birmingham Jail, April 16, 1963. I Have a Dream: Writings and Speeches That Changed the World, ed. by James M. Washington. HarperCollins, 1992) Anaphora in President Franklin Roosevelts Second Inaugural Address But here is the challenge to our democracy: In this nation, I see tens of millions of its citizens - a substantial part of its whole population - who at this very moment are denied the greater part of what the very lowest standards of today call the necessities of life.I see millions of families trying to live on incomes so meager that the pall of family disaster hangs over them day by day.I see millions whose daily lives in city and on farm continue under conditions labeled indecent by a so-called polite society half a century ago.I see millions denied education, recreation, and the opportunity to better their lot and the lot of their children.I see millions lacking the means to buy the products of farm and factory and by their poverty denying work and productiveness to many other millions.I see one-third of a nation ill-housed, ill-clad, ill-nourished.But it is not in despair that I paint you that picture. I paint it for you in hope - because the nation, seeing and understanding the injustice in it, proposes to paint it out.(Franklin D. Roosevelt, Second Inaugural Address, January 20, 1937) The Lighter Side of Anaphora I dont like you sucking around, bothering our citizens, Lebowski. I dont like your jerk-off name. I dont like your jerk-off face. I dont like your jerk-off behavior, and I dont like you, jerk-off.(Policeman in The Big Lebowski, 1998)
Friday, February 14, 2020
Accounting Career Problem - Research Paper Example However, the thing is that having a career in accounting does not only come with advantages. The career also has some challenges. One of the most common challenges faced by accountants in their careers is the challenge of coping with pressure from organizationsÃ¢â¬â¢ management to create balance sheets and financial statements that can cope with the current high rate of competition in various industries and anger for success. This paper aims at discussing pressure from management as a challenge commonly faced by accountants. Being an accountant, there are always many ethical issues that are always surrounding everything that you do. Many business managers are usually willing to do anything so that they might emerge as successful. As a result, there are always some stress and pressure that is placed on accountings when it comes to their responsibilities of creation of financial statements and balance sheets. Accountants are always expected to give a true and clear report on an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s profit, liabilities and assets. It is always a challenge in making sure that that record on a companyÃ¢â¬â¢s profit, assets, and liabilities even in situations that the true records might not be very good in terms of the success of the business organization (Woolf & Hindson, 2013). The situation is always further amplified if the mangers involved insist that the records should be altered so that they can serve the interests of the business organization. In such a situation an accountant will find themselves having the dilemma to choose between following the ethical standards expected of them as accountants and altering the records in order to please their employers. If they choose to alter the records they might end up losing their credibility if in any case it is realized that they had involved in unethical conducts. On the other side if they decide to go against the will of the managers and deal with the right
Saturday, February 1, 2020
Matrix for diverse learners - Essay Example 1. Childrens USA Wall Map (Available at http://www.maps.com/): This well designed map combines geography with state by state information in both pictures and words. What is best about its design is that some pictures may be familiar to the student and some may not. This prompts the children to ask questions of each other and the teacher or parent about them. All of the items are numbered so that you can look up the unfamiliar objects and then go to other resources to find out even more information. For instance if you look towards Memphis you see some strange man with big hair and a red suit singing into a microphone, when you look him up you are introduced to Elvis Presley. All the pictures are cartoon-like and humorous to attract more interest and attention, also adding to the creative nature of the map. The map is best for Early Childhood, as it is informative and entertaining, hearing impaired since it is completely visual, and gifted as it is full of knowledge presented in a very creative fashion. The pictorial representations are also appropriate for the multicultural student. The only flaw that keeps it from being useful in all categories is that it is rather crowded with information and may seem daunting to the learning disabled and certainly to the limited sight children who would surely have difficulty discerning the smaller features. It also may by too busy and distracting for those with Behavior Challenges like Attention Deficit Disorder and the like. There may be too many follow up questions asked to make it a worthwhile map for those children. In fact this company also produces a World Map that is even more crowded and condensed and would be even more inappropriate for these three categories. 2. Eyewitness Dinosaur (Produced by Dorling Kindersley / DK 1997): This Video has cross applicability to all of the seven categories. It describes in simple language, narrated by Martin
Friday, January 24, 2020
In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, a Ã¢â¬ËconventionalÃ¢â¬â¢ relationship between a man and a woman is easily defined. It is one based on freedom of choice by both partners, equality of gender, and emotional attachment. It is acceptable to say that in AtwoodÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, The HandmaidÃ¢â¬â¢s Tale, none of these are permitted. This book shows a society completely unlike our own, one that has been constructed on the Old Testament, where women are seen as Ã¢â¬Ëbiological vesselsÃ¢â¬â¢ and are obsequious to men, and there is no place for Ã¢â¬Ëromantic loveÃ¢â¬â¢. The setting of The HandmaidÃ¢â¬â¢s Tale Ã¢â¬â known as Gilead Ã¢â¬â is a totalitarian government, originally based on Old Testament patriarchy. This structure forbids rival loyalties or parties, so all loyalty must be for the group of men that govern the State. Such a structure means that women are assigned Ã¢â¬ËrolesÃ¢â¬â¢ according to their biological Ã¢â¬ËusefulnessÃ¢â¬â¢. These Ã¢â¬ËrolesÃ¢â¬â¢ are divided into six legitimate categories of Wives, Daughters, Aunts, Handmaids, Marthas and Econowives. Each category of women is required to perform their task properly, whilst obeying the rules set down for them by the patriarchal government. To illustrate, each group has different functions in the society, but still no one woman is able to act as an individual. The handmaids, for example, have been reduced to the ability to create another life, their fertility Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"We are for breeding purposesÃ¢â¬ ¦There is supposed to be nothing entertaining about us, no room is to be permitted for the flowering of secret lustsÃ¢â¬ ¦We are two-legged wombsÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (pg.) With each rule that governs their lives comes a punishment for disobeying it. Though being unable to express any sort of individuality is difficult for the women of Gilead, the thought of being hung at a Ã¢â¬ËSalvagingÃ¢â¬â¢ or t... ...tÃ¢â¬ ¦Maybe he even likes it. We are not each otherÃ¢â¬â¢s, anymore. Instead, I am his.Ã¢â¬ (pg 191) This doubt is overtaken by her love for him, as it should in all sturdy relationships. So when it comes to asking Luke about her thoughts Ã¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦I was afraid to. I couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t afford to lose you.Ã¢â¬ (pg 192) Her need to be loved by him had taken over her idea that he enjoyed the power, she couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t live with out his love. The ritual relationships of the regime leave the contenders feeling powerless and trapped within the rules of their roles. Despite this imposed Ã¢â¬Ërole-playingÃ¢â¬â¢ true relationships still exist Ã¢â¬â in secret Ã¢â¬â since it is in the nature of the human condition to form emotional attachments and to love. In the end, Atwood makes it clear that it is our ability to love that makes us human and this cannot be denied. Works Cited Atwood, Margaret. The Handmaids Tale.
Thursday, January 16, 2020
I. Introduction 1.1 Background There are many things to do when students are having time together with their friends. They can share thoughts and feelings with each other or discuss homework, lessons and so forth. Topics will flow naturally when Ã¢â¬Å"comfortable zoneÃ¢â¬ in the communication have been reached. Those are some of evidences which show that people communicate with others. Communication is an exchange of ideas, knowledge, etc. between individuals by using language in which all parties understand the language they use. Communication certainly involves more than one person, which means that there are more than one thought involved in the communication because everyone has different backgrounds, experiences, etc. There are two positions in communication, they are as a sender and as receiver and they will take turn to these positions. Ã¢â¬Å"All communication has two parts: a sender and a receiver. The sender has a message he or she intends to transmit, and s/he puts it in words, which, to her/him, best reflect what s/he is thinking. But many things can intervene to prevent the intended message from being received accurately.Ã¢â¬ (Burgess, 2013). Read more:Ã Different reasons why people communicateÃ essay Misunderstandings sometimes occur in this exchange of ideas in communication. The receiver hears but he does not listen. He does not absorb the points being made. It may because the receiver does not focus on what the sender or speaker has said. Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ a few misunderstandings are language-related, the source of many of the misunderstandings can be traced to ambiguity in the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s utterances. Other reasons for misunderstanding include mishearing and lack of world knowledge, namely, factors that also contribute to misunderstanding in intracultural communication.Ã¢â¬ , (Kaur: 2011). There are some other factors which we will find that can cause misunderstanding in communication if we analyze our experiences in having communication with others. 1.2 Purpose of writing The purposes of this writing are: a) To find out the factors cause misunderstanding in communication, especially in the conversation which will be shown by the writer in the retrospective data section. b) To show what students usually talk about when they are gathering with their friends. II. Retrospective Data Everyone certainly has experienced misunderstanding when have communication with others; friends, relatives, teachers, etc. Misunderstanding not only occurs in communication involving different languages, cultures, etc. People communicate with other who has the same language can also experience misunderstanding in which. It happened to me, I communicated with my friends by using same language but I still have misunderstanding in the communication. Thus, in this paper, I try to analyze misunderstanding in communication that I have experienced with my friends. At that time, we were going to play card (bridge) while talking about the latest Korean movie. Everyone already had their cards that had been dealt. There three players in this game, namely, I, Ima and Anthi. Ima: Ã¢â¬Å"Apa film korea terbaru sekarang teman-teman?Ã¢â¬ (what is the latest Korean movie, guys?) I and Anthi: Ã¢â¬Å"Emergency Couple!Ã¢â¬ Ima: Ã¢â¬Å"Iiih mau!Ã¢â¬ (Can I have the copy?) Anthi: Ã¢â¬Å"Bagus tau MaaÃ¢â¬ (It is really amazing, Maa) I : Ã¢â¬Å"Iya bener dah MaaÃ¢â¬ (SheÃ¢â¬â¢s true, Maa) Ima: Ã¢â¬Å"Siapa main?Ã¢â¬ (Who is the cast?) I : Ã¢â¬Å"Yang punya angka 3 keriting sihÃ¢â¬ (Who has the 3-kinky card of course play first) They both looked at me and laughed. I thought for a moment about why they laughed at me and I just need a few minutes to understand why they did it. I : Ã¢â¬Å"Oooh..Ã¢â¬ (I see) I and Anthi: Ã¢â¬Å"Ji Hyo yang maiiinÃ¢â¬ ( Ji Hyo is main character/ one of the casts) III. Analysis/Discussion Communication is a complex human activity that is successful most of the time. This, however, does not mean that understanding is granted or that it is always the case. Misunderstanding is a regular non-extraordinary feature of human interaction, whether communicative interaction is cross-cultural or not (Dascal 1985; Brown 1995 in BOU-FRANCH, Patricia (2002)). The data is one of examples which shows that the misunderstanding could still exist even all the parties in the communication have the same culture, language and age. The misunderstanding is happened when I said Ã¢â¬Å"Yang punya angka 3 keriting sihÃ¢â¬ (Who has the 3-kinky card of course play first). I said that because I thought my friend, Ima, asked who played first or who had turn to start the game. I thought in that way because at that time I had just set my card and had ready to start playing the game and because I had the 3-kinky card. What is the importance of having the 3-kinky card? The rule of playing Ã¢â¬Å"JenderalÃ¢â¬ using bridge card in Indonesia, particularly in Lombok, is the one who plays first is the person who has the 3-kinky card. If we analyze the data more deeply, we will find that misunderstanding in the communication happened because I did not focus on the conversation when Ima asked, Ã¢â¬Å"Siapa main?Ã¢â¬ (Who is the cast?. I still focus on what we were talking about at the first talk but for the next I did not. It was not caused by lack of world knowledge because we can see from the conversation that at the end I understood or recognized that I had misunderstanding then I fixed it. IV. Conclusion In conclusion, misunderstanding is a common thing that can happen in whether communicative interaction is cross-cultural or not. Misunderstanding caused by many factors such as ambiguity in the speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s utterances, lack of world knowledge, mishearing, etc. The data shows that the other factor that can cause misunderstanding in communication is being not focus on the conversation. Besides that, the data also shows one of what students usually talk about when they are gathering with their friends is the latest movie. V. References BOU-FRANCH, Patricia (2002) Ã¢â¬Å"Misunderstandings and Unofficial Knowledge in Institutional DiscourseÃ¢â¬ , in David Walton & Dagmar Scheu (eds) Culture and Power: Ac(unofficially)knowledging Cultural Studies in Spain, Bern: Peter Lang. (pp. 323-341) Burgess, Heidi. Ã¢â¬Å"Misunderstandings.Ã¢â¬ Beyond Intractability. Eds. Guy Burgess and Heidi Burgess. Conflict Information Consortium, University of Colorado, Boulder. Posted: September 2003 . s Kaur, Jagdish. Intercultural Pragmatics. Volume 8, Issue 1, Pages 93Ã¢â¬â116, ISSN (Online) 1613-365X, ISSN (Print) 1612-295X, DOI: 10.1515/IPRG.2011.004, February 2011
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
Abstract Technology is doing wonders to the health care world. We have advanced tremendously from previous years and researchers are still finding ways to improve the system. Technology in health care is so important because there are many barriers that stop people from receiving the help and care they need due to many reasons like language barriers. With the improvement of technology, we have witnessed how peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s health and wellbeing has improved by using fitness apps and watches that track calories and footsteps. Research was conducted on the gadgets, apps and devices that are shaping health care today. In recent light, the United States has tried to implement the computerized medical records in hospitals and clinics. Companies are also investing in creating technology that helps doctors connect with one another and translate medical information to people that do not speak English. It will definitely take time for the world to implement a systematic health care plan because many p laces lack the funds. In the early 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s, paper medical records were created because the Health Information Management industry found it of importance to document patient history (Brooks, A. 2013). In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s day and age, technology has advanced to where many hospitals like the Veterans Affairs and Kaiser along with many clinics have adapted to computerized electronic medical records. However, we are still working on getting allShow MoreRelatedImpact Of Technology On Health Care780 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTechnology in healthcare is growing to redefine health care processes both within health care organizations and the way people interact with them. Technology exploitation in mHealth (mobile health), Telehealth and speech-to-text software is rapidly increasing within the health care system to provide a convenient, fast and reliable means of connecting health care professions, patients and health information. mHealth provides rapid connectivity and remote communication means necessary in care processesRead MoreTechnology Impact On Health Care1295 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesTechnology Impact in Health Care Marc Gaynor HCM420: Critical Thinking Colorado State University-Global Campus Professor: Cheryl Chance December,4 2015 In modern times advances in technology has impacted all facets of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society and remains to offer viable benefits that were at one point considered unrealistic. Human civilization over the past decades has taken great pains to advance their technological understandings (Lambdin, 2011). Moreover, medical biotechnologyRead MoreHealth Information Technology Impact Health Care1418 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThroughout my interviewing process all aspects of health Information technology were discussed, and to my expectations the answers I received were somewhat expected. I interviewed a Registered Nurse who is currently employed by Covenant Healthcare with 20 years of experience, the mother of an infant who is very concerned about her kidÃ¢â¬â¢s health and believes it is a top priority, and a senior citizen who recently lost his due to complications associated with his diabetes. For the first question, theRead MoreThe Impact Of Technology On Health Care950 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages The Cost of Technology in HealthCare As humans when we find ourselves in pain, what are the first places that come to mind for help? Hospitals, doctorÃ¢â¬â¢s offices, clinics, and other health facilities or simply just a quick call to an ambulance. But while weÃ¢â¬â¢re getting treated for our discomfort, it never crosses our minds of the actual cost of the technology in these places that are providing us with comfort; or that allows whomever whether itÃ¢â¬â¢s a doctor, nurse, medical assistant, physical therapistRead MoreThe Health Care Industry And The Impact Of Technology1518 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmeet the needs of the growing senior population, and advances in technology can allow this population to be treated more effectively in the comfort of their own homes. Technology has had a huge impact on health care in general. From lifesaving medical equipment and new methods of developing pharmaceuticals, to medical filing systems and new developments like minimally invasive procedures that actually cut back on overall health care spending. This paper will specifically focus on the benefits andRead MoreImpact Of Technology On Health Care Industry1006 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesQuality in Health Care, focuses on how there have been many developments in technology which could be utilized to Ã¢â¬Å"effectively deliver servicesÃ¢â¬ within the health care industry (Thambusamy Palvia, 2011, p. 1). Through innovation, health care facilities are expected to provide top quality care to patients. Technology has made that possible; however, prior to this study, it was unsure if the two had any correlation. The research that was conducted involves the term Ã¢â¬Å"serviceÃ¢â¬ in the health care industryRead MoreThe Impact of Innovative Health Technolo gies in Nursing and Health Care997 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesTechnology in Nursing and Health Care: The continuous transformation of the health care field through the introduction of new technology tools has contributed to the need for nurses to stay current with new trends and keep track of what is on the horizon. However, these rapid technological changes and advancements in the health care field have seemingly precluded any probability of anticipating the future. As a result, nurses and other health care professionals can prepare for the future by remainingRead MoreMedical Technology And Its Impact On Health Care1601 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMorrissey, an orthopedic surgeon, states Ã¢â¬Å"New, eye-popping medical technology provides earlier diagnoses, personalized treatments and a breathtaking range of other benefits for both patients and health care professionals.Ã¢â¬ What Morrissey is saying is that new technology in the health care world can provide wide variety of benefits for not only health care workers, but it also benefits patients greatly as well. New medical technolog y can help with an infinite amount of things, such as diagnostic testingRead MoreHealth Information Technology Impact On The Quality Of Care Essay1778 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesHealth Information Technology Impact on the Quality of Care The health care industry is driven forward by the advancements in technology. Advancements in technology has improved the way health care treatments are delivered to patients. Patient outcomes are affected in the way that the care is being delivered. Technology has found ways to not only improve the way it is being delivered but has also made it more efficient in how it is being done so. Therefore, healthcare quality has improved with theRead MoreThe Impact Of Smartphone Technology On Behavioral Health Care Essay1561 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesAlthough there is a big variety of possibilities of smartphone technology bringing to behavioral health care, there are also several key issues that both professionals and users should be aware of. In the following section, a brief overview of primary issues is provided in order to point out some suggestions for a better user practice and the trend of the mHealth in mental health. 1. Security and Privacy Issues One big challenge is always around the security of the patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ private data collected